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The History of Dentistry

Monday, January 14th, 2013

Every tooth in a man’s head is more valuable than a diamond. ~ (Miguel de Cervantes, Don Quixote, 1605)

By Arthur Kezian

If asked ‘What day is celebrated as World dentist day’? or “When is ‘world oral health day’?” Most of us would scratch our heads and try finding the answer on Google. I bet many of you have already typed that in Google. Hold on, World oral health day is celebrated on 12th September and Dentist Day is celebrated on March 6th.

Most of us are not aware of these facts and many of us do not know the rich and varied history of Dentistry and dentists as a whole. Let this dentist in Los Angeles take you for a walk into time and tell you about the roots of our trade.

  • Ancient times:

Evidence from theIndusvalley civilization shows dentistry to be practised. They date back to almost 7000 B.C. the unearthed evidences establish the fact that they used to treat tooth related disorders effectively and the dentists were relied upon.

Sumerian texts dating back to 5000 B.C. describes tooth decay to be caused by ‘worms’. The belief was common in the ancient civilisations, and was even believed as late as 14th century A.D.

Documents from 17th century BC, 18th century BC, ancient Greek Scholars like Hippocrates and Aristotle show remarkable dental practices prevailing in those times.

Remains from ancient Egyptian and Greco-Roman civilisations exhibit well developed dental surgery and prosthetics.


  • Middle Ages:

The middle ages saw the barbers taking up most of the work in treatment of dental problems. It should also be noted that dental extractions were a mode for treating a variety of illness in those times. During this period some physicians and inventors started to develop new tools for dental extraction and treatment.


  • New Age:

In 1530 the first book was published that dealt exclusively on dentistry, but the first dental text book is considered to be “Operator for the Teeth”, written by Charles Allen in 1635.

In 17th century Pierre Fauchard started the journey of modern dentistry. He is known as ‘the father of modern dentistry’. His path-breaking works and findings on oral hygiene and health paved way for modern research and development.


  • 19th century Dentistry:

The 19th century did not see much development in the earlier part. Still the barbers used to tend to tooth extraction needs. At the most, the general physicians were consulted. A dentist for oral hygiene was unheard of in those days.


  • 20th century: Emergence of modern dentistry:


The development of dentistry as a science and medical practise developed in leaps and bounds during the early part of the 20th century. Concepts of Oral hygiene stated to take shape towards its modern day forms. Discovery of Fluoride, Penicillin and laughing gas (initially used as a local anaesthetic) and later better anaesthetic paved way to better treatment of oral problems.

During the period of 1900 to 1950 dental specialities emerged in the current day forms.

Research and developments are on, new technologies are on the rise, and new methods are being tried to make dentistry an art, and to make your life safe and comfortable.

Dental professionals have been able to specialise and streamline their work, thanks to the huge technological development. But the most important thing that we should remember is “Prevention is always better than cure”. So it is always advised to maintain good and healthy habits and proper oral hygiene to have strong and healthy gums, strong and shining teeth.

Dr. Kezian in Los Angelesis your dentist. He and his team of dentist in Los Angeles treat oral problems of all kinds, across all ages. Call today for a free consultation.

Dr. Arthur A. Kezian DDS 443 N. Larchmont Blvd Los Angeles, CA 90004 (323) 467-2777

Chewing Tobacco Invites Cancer

Friday, December 28th, 2012

By Arthur Kezian

Chewing Tobacco was one of the ancient practices followed all over the world. It was widely practiced before the invention of cigarettes in the early 20th century. It is a smokeless tobacco normally placed between the cheek and gum or upper lips and crushed with the teeth and the juice spit out. It is normally mixed with calcium carbonate known as mineral lime before consuming. In US this habit was wide spread among the farmers of North and South America. Dr. Kezian a dentist from Los Angeles who is specialized in dental hygiene has been treating patients with problems related to smokeless tobacco. Dr. Kezian and his staff have been treating these patients with the latest and the most advanced technology available to treat smokeless tobacco related deceases like oral cancer, leukoplakia or lesions and gum related diseases.

Smokeless Tobacco: The Statistics

  • Smokeless tobacco consumption was widely prevalent in the 19th century but after the invention of cigarettes, consumption of smokeless tobacco came down considerably. But thanks to the advertisements creating awareness about the bad affects of cigarette smoking, the consumption of smokeless tobacco again went up considerably. Consumption of smokeless tobacco has alarmingly gone up among the younger generation during the last many decades worldwide. Since they have grown up hearing cigarettes are injuries to health, they found an easy solution in smokeless tobacco to fulfill their nicotine urge without knowing the after affects.
  • In US alone, study has found that 25 to 30 percent of the people use smokeless tobacco. People are of the assumption that smokeless tobacco is not harmful and is the best alternative for cigarettes. Many companies have exploited this lack of awareness into money especially the younger generation by selling smokeless tobacco with catchy captions. Some professionals like Dr. Kezian have been fighting this menace and have been trying to create awareness against smokeless tobacco and its effects.

Smokeless Tobacco And Its Repercussions

  • Smokeless tobacco contains 28 cancer-causing agents and toxins which are very harmful to dental hygiene and are known to cause cancer of the oval cavity. Once the cancer sets in, it is very difficult and time consuming to treat it and after the treatment your face becomes so disfigured sometimes creating a gaping hole in the side of the cheek or front lips.  It also affects the oral health of a person and continuous use can develop lesion in the soft tissue in the mouth which is precancerous. It also develops gum disease and tooth decay.
  • Smokeless tobacco use during pregnancy increases the risk of high blood pressure and swelling and it also reduces the sperm count in men. Continuous use of chewing tobacco can cause permanent discoloring of the teeth and promote bad breadth. Disfigurement caused by oral cancer to your face will stick with you throughout your life even after full treatment.

Dr. Arthur A. Kezian DDS 443 N. Larchmont Blvd Los   Angeles, CA 90004 (323) 467-2777

Tooth-Colored Filling: A Smile That Shines So Naturally

Monday, September 24th, 2012

By Arthur Kezian

A smile helps you maintain a positive aura around you. It also conveys a set of emotions that are louder than words but don’t let the misalignment of your teeth affect this in any manner.  Advancements in cosmetic dentistry bring new methods to enhance your appearance. The commonly used metal amalgam method for dental fillings is now being replaced by tooth color-fillings.

Tooth colored fillings are a great advancement in cosmetic dentistry. Dentists use them accurately to reconstruct the natural look of your teeth and give you that perfect smile. Mostly used in restoration of fractured & decayed teeth, tooth-colored fillings are also used to enhance the appearance cosmetically by changing the size, shape or color of your teeth.

If you have gaps in your teeth that lower your confidence, then tooth-colored fillings will help you gain that confidence back by filling the gaps and repairing chipped teeth. It does not only make you look better but also prevents the issues of sensitivity in the teeth.

These composites of resin do not have mercury in them which is considered to be toxic in nature. This is one of the main advantages of opting for tooth-colored fillings rather than metal fillings.

However, they also have some disadvantages as they suffer from dissolution. They will dissolve in your mouth despite of the fact you eat directly on them or not. They may discolor over a period of time becoming yellowish in appearance which will look ugly.

Composites may expand or contract if exposed regularly to hot & cold food or beverages. Also they may get pitted leaving pinholes that facilitate discoloration and staining permanently.

Unlike metal fillings the color fillings are less strong and do not last for a very long period of time.  The choice to be made between tooth-colored fillings and metal fillings should be made depending upon the needs and budget of a patient who wants to go for the procedure of tooth filling. If he requires durability and longevity then he should choose the metal filling, but if he wants his appearance to not be affected by the filling and desires to look natural then he should opt for a color-filling.

Tooth-Colored fillings enhance your look by keeping it natural and filling the gaps in your teeth that may restrain you from smiling properly. This way, it boosts your confidence and does not have any harmful effect like the mercury in the case of metal fillings.

Dr. Arthur A. Kezian DDS 443 N. Larchmont Blvd Los Angeles, CA 90004 (323) 467-2777

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